Battle of Chancellorsville: Summary

Summary
  • Hooker Union planned a double envelopment, attacking Lee from both his front and rear.

  • On May 1, 1863, Hooker advanced from Chancellorsville toward Lee, but the Confederate general split his army in the face of superior numbers, leaving a small force at Fredericksburg to Union troops from advancing, while he attacked another Union advance with about 4/5ths of his army. Hooker withdrew his men to the defensive lines around Chancellorsville, ceding the initiative to Lee.

  • On May 2, 1863, Lee divided his army again, sending Stonewall Jackson's entire corps on a flanking march. Popular and successful Confederate leader Stonewall Jackson died in this battle.

  • After the second bloodiest day of the Civil War on May 3, 1863. Union troops withdrew on May5-6. The campaign ended on May 7.

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